Click the MIDI tab in the System Settings window. This section contains a list of software and hardware MIDI devices on or connected to your system that can be used for
MIDI Input/Output. For example, hardware and software synthesizers, controller keyboards and 'loopback' devices. The most common controllers used by PC based musicians today connect to your PC with a USB cable (rather than MIDI cable) and provide a piano-keyboard, pad
or mixer-style interface.
1. Connect and install your keyboard/controller/synth in Windows
MIDI is not an audio connection - The connections discussed on this page do not transfer audio, MIDI connections transfer note data, knob movements and program changes so that your controller can
play software instruments and/or FL Studio can play connected MIDI hardware. To use sounds from an external synthesizer (while it is played by FL Studio) you will need to make MIDI connections (discussed here)
AND audio connections to your soundcard inputs so that FL Studio can record the sound/s that it
triggers from the external MIDI hardware using a MIDI Out plugin.
Cable types - You will either have a USB based keyboard/controller or hardware with 5-pin DIN MIDI connectors. Click here to see these connector types compared.
- USB connected controller - If your controller has a USB port, then it will connect directly to your PC with a standard USB cable.
- 1. Install any USB drivers that came with your controller. Many controllers use the standard Windows 'USB Audio Device (generic controller)', see the Input list.
- 2. Connect the controller to your PC, turn it on and follow the Windows installation procedure. The standard USB 'connected
' process should happen.
- 3. Start FL Studio AFTER the controller driver has been installed and proceed as described in the 'Setting input and output MIDI devices' section below.
- MIDI cable connected controller - If you have a device with 5-Pin DIN connectors you will probably need to purchase a
USB cable to MIDI cable adapter as shown. Most external audio interfaces have MIDI connector plugs on them,
use those if present.
- 1. Connect the MIDI cables to the MIDI IN and OUT ports on your MIDI interface hardware and turn it on. Make sure the MIDI OUT on the interface is connected to the MIDI IN on your MIDI
device and/or the MIDI IN on the device is connected to the MIDI OUT on the MIDI interface. How many MIDI cables do I need? You need two MIDI cables if you want FL Studio to play your MIDI device
and to use your MIDI device to control FL Studio. If you plan one-way communication, then you only need one MIDI cable.
- 2. Install any USB drivers that came with your MIDI to USB adapter.
- 3. Plug the MIDI adapter into your PC, turn it on and follow the Windows installation procedure. The standard USB 'connected
' process should happen.
- 4. Start FL Studio AFTER the adapter driver has been installed and proceed as described in the 'Setting input and output MIDI devices' section below.
2. Set input and output MIDI devices
You may want to select an Input (a controller that plays FL Studio instruments) or Output device (something that connects to your PC and receives note data from FL Studio).
Output - Port Mapping
These options select a MIDI output interface so FL Studio can send MIDI signals to outboard gear (Synthesizer, Drum Machine, Sampler, etc). See the MIDI Settings page for more details.
Input - Connecting External Controller/s
If you have a USB/MIDI keyboard or controller that you would like to control using FL Studio, you will need to change some settings in the Input section. This contains a list of controller devices that have been detected by Windows (see section 1).
To activate a controller in FL Studio -
- Open FL Studio and make sure the 'Enable MIDI remote control' option is selected in the Options menu, MIDI input is disabled otherwise.
- Click on the device in the Input list, so that it is highlighted. If your device is listed in the Controller type drop-down menu, select it there also. If your controller does not appear by name this
means it does not have custom drivers. If so, use the 'USB Audio Device (generic controller)'. If you do not see any options, you will need to re/install the appropriate drivers for your controller.
- With the controller highlighted select the Enable switch below the Input list. Each device selected in the Input list must be selected/deselected separately.
- If successful the MIDI activity light on the Main Panel will blink each time you play notes or move knobs on your controller. NOTE: If the 'Debug log' is open any MIDI data received by FL Studio is displayed and logged, useful for learning the MIDI CC numbers of controls or
NOTE: For more detailed information on the rest of the settings in this section and further details on supported controllers go to the MIDI Settings page.
- Nothing appears in the Input box? - Did you connect/start your controller AFTER opening FL Studio? It is necessary that your operating system has detected your controller BEFORE
opening FL Studio. Close FL Studio, turn your controller off and on (unplug and reconnect the USB cable if it does not have a switch), wait for it to be detected by the PC (Windows makes a 'connected' sound when it successfully detects a USB device), then start FL Studio.
- Items appear but don't respond - Click the Rescan MIDI devices button and then enable the device. If that does not work, close FL Studio, turn your
controller off and on (unplug and reconnect the USB cable if it does not have a switch), wait for it to be detected by the PC (Windows makes a 'connected' sound when it successfully detects a USB device), then start FL Studio.
If you are using a MIDI Keyboard or Pad Controller then click on the Link note on to: Velocity Curve button. Here you can fine-tune the relationship between MIDI input velocity (how fast/hard
you strike the keys/pad) and the velocity value sent to instruments.