MIXING & EFFECTS
Effect slots 1 to 10
This section covers the Mixer effect slot functions and interface. Each mixer track can have up to 10 independent effect plugins hosted in slots 1 to 10.
BUT WAIT! If you need to use more than 10 effects on a single mixer track you can load an instance of Patcher in one of the slots and chain as many
effects as you like inside that OR Send from one track to another.
Effect slot menu- Select an effect to load from the pop-up menu.
Effect name (Label) - Left-click to open plugin, Right-click to rename slot.
Effect disable - This disables the effect but does not mute the sound passing through the slot (is automatable).
Effect mix level - NOTE: Normally leave this at 100% and control the Wet/Dry mix from within the plugin. If the plugin introduces a processing delay, most do, then
the processed 'wet' and unprocessed 'dry' signal can phase-cancel as the wet audio is slightly delayed. This is usually most apparent on high frequencies such as cymbals.
Summary? Don't touch that knob!
Audio enters at the top of the Effects stack and passes through slots in order from 1 to 10, leaving at the bottom (the only exception to this is if a Fruity Send plugin
is loaded into one of the slots, then a copy of the audio can leave the mixer effects stack from that point). After the effects stack, the audio passes to the inbuilt
Mixer Track Properties section where further sculpting and manipulation of the sound is possible.
Effect Slot Menu:
- Select / Replace (Select when slot empty, Replace when slot occupied) - Contains a list of all effects selected as favorites. Selecting an effect from this menu will assign it to the corresponding plugin slot. Click More... to open the
Select plugin window, which contains a list of all effects available to FL Studio. Double-click a plugin name to assign it to the effect slot. Click the check box preceding each plugin to mark it as a
favorite (all effects preceded by a check mark will appear in the favorites list). NOTE: To see newly installed plugins, click Refresh in the bottom of the Select plugin window and select
Fast Scan (it is recommended that you use Fast Scan instead of Scan & Verify, because the latter may crash FL Studio with some badly programmed plugins).
- Presets - Contains a sub-menu with preset handling options for the effect:
- Randomize gives random values to the published (i.e. known to FL Studio) effect settings. When enabled, selecting a preset will load a random 50% of the settings, so you can quickly mix
different presets and create new effects.
- Hybridize blends between the previous and next selected settings.
- Tree Display displays the settings in a 'tree' view. The Presets menu is disabled if there is no effect assigned to the plugin slot.
- Browse presets - Opens the presets menu in the Browser (the Browser may not have any presets for the plugin, however).
- Save Preset as - Allows you to save custom presets for the plugin assigned to the plugin slot. Presets are saved as
FST files. It is recommended that you save preset files in the default location FL Studio chooses, so they can
be properly detected and added to the Presets menu. NOTE: You can also click on and drag this menu item to a compatible location in FL Studio
to copy the effect or save parameters. For example, to copy an effect, including its current settings, to another mixer track.
- Add plugin to database - Adds the plugin to the Browser Plugin database folder that organizes the
Plugin picker (F8)
These options are useful for saving plugin settings, making edits, then comparing the original vs edited versions.
- Store in spare state - Saves the plugins current settings in a temporary buffer (spare state).
- Flip with spare state - Swaps the plugins current settings with those in the spare state.
- Last tweaked parameter - This command has moved to Menu Tools > Last tweaked parameters.
- Link all parameters... - Opens a dialog designed to link automatable parameters to 'tweaked' hardware controllers and then automatically move to the next
parameter in the 'parameter list', ready for the next link. There are several options available for skipping parameters or jumping to new locations in the list include.
Basic operation - Select 'Link all parameters' from the menu, and move the first hardware controller to be linked (the link is made to the first
item in the 'Current parameter' list). When you move the second hardware controller it will be auto-linked to the next parameter and so on, until the end
of the parameter list is reached or the link dialog is closed. To skip a link, Left-click the Skip button at the bottom of the link dialog
(immediately left of the 'Accept' button). To jump directly to a parameter, use the Current parameter menu (top most in the link dialog) and
select the target parameter you are interested in. You can then continue auto-linking from that point in the list by moving hardware controllers as before
OR jump to another parameter in the list using the 'Current parameter' menu as previously described.
- Browse parameters - Allows you to see the list of automatable parameters in the browser. Embedded CC Parameters: Every instance of the
Wrapper has 128 CC (MIDI Control Change) parameters in a parameter list. These parameters transmit CC data directly to the plugin (for plugins that read
CC data directly) and can be linked like any other parameter to a MIDI or internal controller. Thus, you can send CC data directly to the plugin instead of
linking to a specific knob on the plugin interface. These parameters can also be set in conjunction with the Omni mode
associated with the Remote control settings 'link' dialog to send CC data to any selected plugin and to
save MIDI controller assignments (see the Omni and VSTi/DXi Control section for more details).
- Allow threaded processing - Improves multithreading and multi-core CPU performance. NOTE: Some VST plugins may perform worse with multithreading on. If you are experiencing
choppy or broken sound, try turning this off.
- Smart disable - Stop processing the plugin when inactive. Reduces CPU load. There is a global Smart disable on the F10 Audio settings panel OR
'Smart disable' Tools > Macros > Misc > Switch smart disable for all plugins. NOTE: Smart Disable is active only during live playback, it is temporarily disabled
- Move Up - Moves the effect one slot up. Alternatively: Place your mouse cursor over the effect slot name and roll your mouse-wheel upward.
- Move Down - Moves the effect one slot down. Alternatively: Place your mouse cursor over the effect slot name and roll your mouse-wheel downward.
- View editor - Opens the plugin interface. Alternatively: Click on the name shown in the Plugin slot.
- Rename - Rename the plugin slot.
You can also access this slot menu from the effect's own options:
NOTE: The 'Save preset as...' option can be dragged to another Mixer channel or FX slot to duplicate the current effect and settings.
Mixer reference diagram
A full description is available on the main Mixer page.
NOTE: Most controls are automatable (Right-click and select 'Create automation clip').